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Bowl

Chinese

Artwork Details

Bowl
1368-1644
Chinese
stoneware with glaze
1 9/16 in x 6 11/16 in (3.9 cm x 17 cm)
Gift of Mrs. Caroline I. Plumer for the James Marshall Plumer Collection
1964/2.5

On Display

Not currently on display

Description

The subtle patterns in incised celadon ceramics are the result of the translucent glaze pooling in the lines that were carved when the bowl was leather-hard. Potters often looked to paintings for their designs, and it is easy to imagine the iris-like plant shown here as an ink painting.

Subject Matter:

This is a molded eight-lobed rim stoneware dish with incised central floral motif from the longquan kilns of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). The eight lobed foliate rim resembles lotus petals, while the central floral composition resembles scholary ink paintings. 

Longquan is the most representative, widespread, and esteemed ware of the Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279). Production started during the Five Dynasties period (907–960) at the kilns near the market town of Longquan, where in later dynasties much of the ware was collected for shipping. Technological advances such as the development of a multi-chambered, rising kiln and the use of stacked saggars (protective clay boxes) allowed for increased production in the Southern Song. In Yuan (1279–1368) and Ming (1368–1644) times, the kilns supplied wares to a domestic market as well as to overseas markets in Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asia.

Physical Description:

This stoneware shallow bowl has a flat bottom on a foot ring with everted molded eight-panel foliate rim. The interior is incised with plant design and covered in a green celadon glaze with craquelure finish. 

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