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Bowl

Chinese

Artwork Details

Bowl
25-220 CE
Chinese
earthenware with glaze
2 15/16 in x 9 7/16 in x 7 3/16 in (7.46 cm x 23.97 cm x 18.26 cm)
Museum Purchase
1990/1.270

On Display

Not currently on display

Description

Subject Matter:

By the Western Han dynasty, basic household bowls, plates, basins, jars, etc. were produced in great quantity, not only for use in daily life, but also specifically for tombs as mingqi (明器) (literally "bright objects"), or grave goods, as a way to provide for the deceased.  These mingqi included everything one would need during the afterlife.  Naturally, these objects reflected daily life during the Han.  Mingqi could include houses, towers, gates, granaries, livestock pens, chicken coops, wells, cooking stoves, storage vessels, dishes, incense burners, lamps and figures such as horses, dogs, anthropomorphic animals, and people such as officials, guardians, servants and entertainers, and more.  The number of ceramic mingqi items in a tomb could reach numbers of a few to several hundred objects.

Bowls, ladels and spoons in this shape, having a dragon handle, were a Han Dynasty innovation.  Han dynasty ceramic pictorial bricks depict men and women eating and drinking from dragon handled bowls.  

Physical Description:

A red, ceramic, shallow, flat-bottomed earthenware bowl.  It has a short dragon handle to one side, and is covered in a green lead glaze with iridescence and calcification. 

Usage Rights:

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